International Crises and Disasters: U.S. Humanitarian Assistance, Budget Trends, and Issues for Congress
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
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Humanitarian emergencies can emerge anywhere in the world, stemming from natural disasters or man-made conflicts. U.S. and international humanitarian assistance can have an important impact not only on the relief operation itself but on broader foreign policy issues. In the 110th Congress, humanitarian assistance is likely to enjoy continued bipartisan support, with key policy issues focused on budget priorities, levels of funding, and the types of other support available worldwide. The President can provide emergency humanitarian assistance through several sources whose funding is authorized and appropriated by Congress. These are funds appropriated to the Office of Foreign Disaster Administration OFDA in the Agency for International Development USAID U.S. Department of Agriculture food aid programs under P.L. 480 Food for Peace and Section 416 b of the Agriculture Act of 1949 the State Department Emergency Refugee and Migration Account ERMA a contingency account that can contain as much as 100 million for assistance to refugees fleeing persecution and funds appropriated to the Department of Defense, Overseas Humanitarian and Disaster and Civic Aid OHDACA.
- Government and Political Science