Development and Preliminary Evaluation of the MIT ATIS System
MASSACHUSETTS INST OF TECH CAMBRIDGE LAB FOR COMPUTER SCIENCE
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This paper represents a status report on the MIT ATIS system. The most significant new achievement is that we now have a speech-input mode. It is based on the MIT SUMMIT system using context independent phone models, and includes a word-pair grammar with perplexity 92 on the June-90 test set. In addition, we have completely redesigned the back-end component, in order to emphasize portability and extensibility. The parser now produces an intermediate semantic frame representation, which serves as the focal point for all back-end operations, such as history management, text generation, and structured query language SQL query generation. Most of those aspects of the system that are tied to a particular domain are now entered through a set of tables associated with a small artificial language for decoding them. We have also improved the display of the database table, making it considerably easier for a subject to comprehend the information given. We report here on the results of the official DARPA February-91 evaluation, as well as on results of an evaluation on data collected at MIT, for both speech input and text input.
- Information Science
- Operations Research
- Computer Programming and Software