Status of the Provincial Reconstruction Team Program in Iraq
SPECIAL INSPECTOR GENERAL FOR IRAQ RECONSTRUCTION ARLINGTON VA
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The U.S. government continues to advance capacity-development programs in Iraqs ministries and provinces. For the past four decades, Iraq was a statist economy with a highly centralized administration. Baghdad drove budgeting and service delivery through ministries that funded the provinces. The decentralization of authority that the Coalition Provisional Authority initiated following the fall of Saddam Husseins regime had the effect of empowering inexperienced local officials to manage the delivery of provincial government services. The consequences of this devolution in decision-making required the United States and other donors to establish programs aimed at developing local capacities. The Provincial Reconstruction Team PRT Program is key among these. PRTs provide the best opportunity for U.S. government experts to provide grassroots support in the development of nationwide governance capacity in Iraq. National Security Presidential Directives 36 and 44 provided the policy and organizational framework for U.S. civilian-military organizations to implement nationbuilding programs. The PRTs comprise personnel from the Departments of State DoS, Justice, and Agriculture the U.S. Agency for International Development USAID and its Local Governance Program contractor, RTI International the U.S.-led Multi-National Force-Iraq MNF-I and its subordinate element, the Multi-National Corps-Iraq MNC-I the Gulf Region Division of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers GRD and Iraqi-born expatriates often holding U.S. citizenship.
- Government and Political Science