Modeling Macro-Cognitive Influence on Information Sharing between Members of a Joint Team
NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA
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Research exploring the effectiveness of joint military teams lacks the empirical robustness found in similar multicultural team research from the business domain. This research study broadens the study of effective military teams through an assessment of the factors that influence a joint teams effectiveness by capitalizing on the business and psychological communities exploration of successful team performance. Specifically, this research examines several key elements of poor team effectiveness identified by the business community in three empirical studies. The first study examined cultural orientation and service personality using two survey instruments the Matsumoto Cultural Styles Questionnaire and the Neuroticism, Extraversion, Openness to Experience Five Factor Inventory NEO FFI. The results showed that cultural and personality differences exist at significant levels between the services. The second study examined team information sharing processes in a war game environment composed of homogeneous and heterogeneous four-person teams. The results revealed that participants on heterogeneous teams, cued to the presence of cultural and personality differences among the team members, performed as well as homogeneous teams. The third study expanded the knowledge space of the team experiment by developing an agent-based model to replicate the war game. The model accurately represented the experimental data, confirming the authors hypothesis that computational models coded with actual data sets from human experimentation are more robust than models coded with notional data sets. The results demonstrate that joint team effectiveness improves by incorporating methodologies used in the business and simulation science communities.
- Information Science
- Military Forces and Organizations
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics