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Jordan: U.S. Relations and Bilateral Issues

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Congressional rept.

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This report provides an overview of Jordanian politics and current issues in U.S.-Jordanian relations. It provides a brief overview of Jordans government and economy and of its cooperation in promoting Arab-Israeli peace and other U.S. policy objectives in the Middle East. Several issues in U.S.-Jordanian relations are likely to figure in decisions by Congress and the Administration on future aid to, and cooperation with, Jordan. These include the stability of the Jordanian regime, democratic reform underway in Jordan, the role of Jordan in the Arab-Israeli peace process, Jordans concerns over the U.S.-led campaign against Iraq in 2003, and its relations with other regional states. Following the 911 attacks, Jordan issued bans on banking operations linked to terrorist activities and pursued individuals linked to Osama bin Ladens Al Qaeda organization. Although the United States and Jordan have never been linked by a formal treaty, they have cooperated on a number of regional and international issues over the years. The countrys small size and lack of major economic resources have made it dependent on aid from Western and friendly Arab sources. U.S. support, in particular, has helped Jordan deal with serious vulnerabilities, both internal and external. Jordans geographic position, wedged between Israel, Syria, Iraq, and Saudi Arabia, has made it vulnerable to the strategic designs of its more powerful neighbors, but has also given Jordan an important role as a buffer between these potential adversaries. In 1990, Jordans unwillingness to join the allied coalition against Iraq disrupted its relations with the United States and the Persian Gulf states however, relations improved throughout the 1990s as Jordan played an increasing role in the Arab-Israeli peace process and distanced itself from Saddam Husseins Iraq. This report will be updated regularly. It supersedes CRS Issue Brief IB93085, Jordan U.S. Relations and Bilateral Issues, by Alfred B. Prados.

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  • Government and Political Science
  • Humanities and History

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