A Typology for C2 Measures
CARNEGIE-MELLON UNIV PITTSBURGH PA
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Numerous measures of the C2 structure have been developed. The goal is to develop a small, meaningful, and predictive set. Work in this area, however, has been hampered by a lack of a standard categorization schema. Such a schema is presented herein. This schema is based on the recognition that many aspects of C2 structures can be represented as graphs. The proposed typology enables graph-theoretic based measures of C2 structures to be contrasted and analyzed in a systematic fashion. Results indicate a dearth of measures that link more than one submatrix. Attempts at predicting the performance of organizations based on a single sub-matrix typically fail. Predictions, such as those herein, that are based on multiple sub-matrices at once fare better. Using this typology, the authors defined the C2 structure of three teams, examined in a laboratory setting. Use of the typology as a representation scheme enabled the three teams to be simulated. These simulations suggested that the reason for differences in performance had to do with the relative ability of information about what others are doing, versus what resources are needed for what through the structure defined by multiple sub-matrices.
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