Accession Number:

ADA458908

Title:

Cognitive Function and Emotional Status of Middle-aged Chinese Hypertensive Patients Without Detectable White Matter Brain Lesions or Lacunar Infarctions

Descriptive Note:

Master's thesis

Corporate Author:

UNIFORMED SERVICES UNIV OF THE HEALTH SCIENCES BETHESDA MD DEPT OF MEDICINE

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

2006-01-01

Pagination or Media Count:

80.0

Abstract:

Essential hypertension EH is associated with cognitive deficits, and higher blood pressure levels have been related to lower levels of cognitive function. Executive functions, speed of processing, memory and attention are especially impacted. Hypertension may affect cognitive function because of pathological physiological changes in the brain e.g., white matter lesions andor lacunar infarctions or behavioralemotional alterations associated with hypertension e.g., stress, anxiety, and depression. 1 Rule out white matter lesions and lacunar infarctions as necessary causes of cognitive deficits in EH 2 Examine the role of anxiety and depression as a potential mechanism for the relationship between EH and cognitive function and 3 Determine socio-demographic and medical moderators of this relationship in individuals without structural brain changes. Ninety five Chinese with EH and 95 age- and education-matched normotensive controls were recruited into the study. All participants had a medical history interview and physical exam, completed Zungs Anxiety and Depression Surveys, and completed the Mini-Mental State Examination MMSE and a computerized neuropsychological battery. All participants had an MRI scan of the brain. For the present study, individuals with white matter lesions or lacunar infarctions were excluded from analysis. The remaining sample consisted of 46 hypertensives and 66 controls. Multivariate analyses, controlling for medicalrisk factor differences between hypertensive and normotensive groups, revealed no relationship between EH and cognitive function nor EH and emotional status. Two-factor ANOVAs revealed significant EH x Gender interactions for digit discrimination response time p0.01 and the MMSE p0.05. The present findings suggest that gender moderates the influence of hypertension on cognitive function in the absence of structural brain changes.

Subject Categories:

  • Anatomy and Physiology
  • Medicine and Medical Research

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE