Question Answering Based on Semantic Structures
INTERNATIONAL COMPUTER SCIENCE INST BERKELEY CA
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The ability to answer complex questions posed in Natural Language depends on 1 the depth of the available semantic representations and 2 the inferential mechanisms they Support. In this paper we describe a QA architecture where questions are analyzed and candidate answers generated by 1 identifying predicate argument structures and semantic frames from the input and 2 performing structured probabilistic inference using the extracted relations in the context of a domain and scenario model. A novel aspect of our system is a scalable and expressive representation of actions and events based on Coordinated Probabilistic Relational Models CPRM. In this paper we report on the ability of the implemented system to perform several forms of probabilistic and temporal inferences to extract answers to complex questions. The results indicate enhanced accuracy over current state-of-the-art QA systems.
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