The Effect of Strain-Path Reversal on Cavitation During Hot Torsion Of Ti-6A1-4V (Preprint)
AIR FORCE RESEARCH LAB WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH MATERIALS AND MANUFACTURING DIRECTORATE
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The effect of strain-path reversal on cavitation behavior during the hot torsion testing of an alphabeta titanium alloy, Ti6AI-4V, with a colony-alpha microstructure was established. Optical microscopy was used to measure cavitation parameters such as cavity size, density, and area fraction. It was observed that when the torsion direction is reversed, the cavitation process is reversed as well i.e., cavity shrinkage takes place. The experimental observations were interpreted in the context of previous models developed for the densification of porous bodies. For this purpose, the models were modified to treat the effect of colony orientation on the local stress state and the accommodation of the externally-imposed strain, both of which affect the rate of densificationcavity shrinkage. A modified version of the AFRL PM-consolidation model was shown to provide reasonable estimates of the shrinkage kinetics. An alternate description of cavity shrinkage during reversed torsion, analogous to prior descriptions of cavity growth, was also developed. It was concluded that the absolute magnitude of the cavity shrinkage rate is smaller than its counterpart during growth because the local stress ratio is lower during reversed straining compared to that during forward straining.
- Metallurgy and Metallography