Road Tracking and Anomaly Detection in Aerial Imagery
SRI INTERNATIONAL MENLO PARK CA ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE CENTER
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This report describes a new procedure for tracking road segments and finding potential vehicles in imagery of approximately 1-3 feet per pixel ground resolution. This work is part of a larger effort by SRI International to construct an image understanding system for monitoring roads in aerial imagery. The overall effort is directed towards specific problems that arise in processing aerial photographs for such military applications as cartography, intelligence, weapon guidance, and targeting. A key concept is the use of a generalized digital map data base to aid in the interpretation of imagery. The primary objectives of the overall knowledge-based road expert system are to analyze images to accomplish the following 1 find road fragments in low- to medium-resolution images 2 track roads in medium- to high-resolution images 3 find anomalies on roads and 4 interpret anomalies as vehicles, shadows, signposts, surface markings, etc. The road tracking algorithm is started by indicating the center and direction of a road fragment found in low- to medium-resolution images. The nominal road width is supplied either from the data base or by an image analysis function that can determine the width of a road fragment. The road tracker produces two forms of output a point list describing the track of the road center, and a binary image of all points in the road that are anomalous and might belong to vehicles. In the complete road-expert system, this image will then be analyzed to screen out false alarms and interpret the remaining anomalies.
- Cartography and Aerial Photography
- Civil Engineering
- Target Direction, Range and Position Finding