Accession Number:

ADA458498

Title:

Paradigmatic Jihadi Movements

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

MILITARY ACADEMY WEST POINT NY COMBATING TERRORISM CENTER

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

2006-01-01

Pagination or Media Count:

33.0

Abstract:

In January 2005, veteran jihadi thinker, propagandist, and historian Abu Musab al-Suri released his 1,600 page study of the jihadi movement, Dawat al-muqawama al- Islamiyya al-alamiyya The Call for Global Islamic Resistance. Suri hoped this book would stimulate the creation of a comprehensive jihadi curriculum for future generations of jihadi fighters, thinkers, and activists who could learn from the mistakes and successes of jihads past. In The Call, Suri identifies twenty-five paradigmatic jihadi movements, or particularly edifying historical cases, where jihadis have both succeeded and failed to rally supporters, defeat their opposition, or establish territorial control. However, many of these jihadi movements are very obscure, and, consequently rarely studied within the Western counterterrorism community. In order to better appreciate the jihadi movements strategic objectives and mindset, the Combating Terrorism Center at West Point invited David Cook, an expert on Islamic history and jihad, to provide deeper background on four of Suris identified paradigmatic jihads 1. The experience of the Harakat al-Shabiba in Morocco 1969 2. The experience of the Harakat al-Dawla al-Islamiyya in Algeria 1982-1987 3. The experience of the Afghani Arabs in Lebanon under Abu Aisha al Lubnani 4. The experience of the Islamic Army of Aden Abyan in Yemen during the 1990s. Despite the factual errors Cook identifies throughout Suris work, the latters stature in the jihadi movement means that future jihadis will take his analysis seriously and model their strategies accordingly.

Subject Categories:

  • Government and Political Science
  • Sociology and Law
  • Humanities and History
  • Unconventional Warfare

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE