Large Scale Single Nucleotide Polymorphism Study of PD Susceptibility
Final rept. 1 Mar 2004-28 Feb 2006
PARKINSONS INST SUNNYVALE CA
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Although genetic contributions of Parkinsons disease PD have gained support from the recent identification of eight genetic loci in the familial PD, the results of intensive investigations of polymorphisms in dozens of genes related to sporadic, late onset, typical PD have not shown consistent results. Recent rapid progress in the investigation of single nucleotide polymorphisms SNPs has provided a new tool for this area of research. Millions of SNPs have been identified and compiled in several public accessible databases. A highly multiplexed genotyping technology called Molecular Inversion Probe Assay has recently been developed. This technique is capable of genotyping over 2000 SNPs in a single tube and is currently the most inexpensive platform for genotyping of SNPs with high call rate and high accuracy. Another major finding in recent genomic studies is that haplotype linkage disequilibrium is composed of blocks of sequence with average size of 7.8 kb and could be used in association studies. In this proposal, we plan to perform a large-scale association study by using the high throughput Molecular Inversion Probe Assay in PD to 1 investigate the association between classical, sporadic PD and 2386 SNPs in 23 genes implicated in the pathogenesis of PD 2 construct haplotypes based on the SNP genotyping results to identify haplotypes associated with PD. This proposal is the first large- scale SNP association study in PD. The results of this study may lead to the further understanding of the pathogenesis of the disease and possibly new therapeutic approaches. In addition, experiences derived from this study may be applied in other complex disorders for the identification of susceptibility genes, as well as in genome-wide SNP association studies.
- Genetic Engineering and Molecular Biology
- Medicine and Medical Research