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Conventional Arms Transfers to Developing Nations, 1998-2005

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Congressional rept.

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This report is prepared annually to provide Congress with official, unclassified, quantitative data on conventional arms transfers to developing nations by the United States and foreign countries for the preceding 8 calendar years for use in its policy oversight functions. All agreement and delivery data for the United States are government-to-government Foreign Military Sales FMS transactions. Some general data are provided on worldwide conventional arms transfers by all suppliers, but the principal focus is the level of arms transfers by major weapons suppliers to nations in the developing world. Developing nations continue to be the primary focus of foreign arms sales activity by weapons suppliers. During the years 1998-2005, the value of arms transfer agreements with developing nations constituted 66.8 of all such agreements worldwide. More recently, arms transfer agreements with developing nations constituted 64.3 of all such agreements globally from 2002-2005, and 68.4 of these agreements in 2005. The value of all arms transfer agreements with developing nations in 2005 was nearly 30.2 billion. This was a notable increase over 2004, and the highest total, in real terms, for the entire period from 1998-2005. In 2005, the value of all arms deliveries to developing nations was 17.7 billion, the lowest total in these deliveries values for the entire 1998-2005 period in constant 2005 dollars. From 2002-2005, the United States made 33.3 billion in arms transfer agreements with developing nations, in constant 2005 dollars, 35.2 of all such agreements. Russia, the second leading supplier during this period, made 21.8 billion in arms transfer agreements, or 24.3. In 2005, Russia ranked first in arms transfer agreements with developing nations, France was second, and the United States was third. In 2005, the United States ranked first in the value of arms deliveries to developing nations, Russia was second, and the United Kingdom was third.

Subject Categories:

  • Aircraft
  • Economics and Cost Analysis
  • Government and Political Science
  • Marine Engineering
  • Guided Missiles
  • Combat Vehicles
  • Guns

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