Distribution and Fate of Energetics on DoD Test and Training Ranges: Final Report
ENGINEER RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER VICKSBURG MS
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Access to live-fire training ranges is vital in maintaining the readiness of our Armed Forces. Understanding the nature of residue deposition and fate is critical to ensuring sound management of ranges. The objective of this project was to characterize residues of high explosives on training ranges. Residues were evaluated by sampling on various types of ranges across the U.S. and Canada. Deposition from high-order and low-order detonations, demolition, including blow-in-place, was characterized. Environmental transport parameters were developed to support estimates of site-specific source terms for risk assessment and groundwater models. Protocols were developed for characterizing soils containing the highly distributed solid formulations typical of ranges. Results demonstrated that residues are specific to range activities. Demolition areas, low order detonations sites, and firing positions have great potential for accumulation of residues. Demolition typically generates small areas of relatively high concentrations. Low-order detonations generate primarily large solid particles reflecting the predetonation composition. Artillery impact areas tend to have widely distributed, low concentrations. Firing positions may exhibit high concentrations of propellants. This project defines the characteristics, distribution, and potential environment transport of explosives residues on training ranges and provides a scientific basis for development of reasonable control measures.
- Ammunition and Explosives
- Solid Wastes and Pollution and Control