Mixing Dynamics of Supercritical Droplets and Jets (Revised To Include Appendices)
Final In-House Report 1 Oct 1992-31 Dec 2004
AIR FORCE RESEARCH LAB EDWARDS AFB CA SPACE AND MISSILE PROPULSION DIV
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This report summarizes a research program to understand the mixing dynamics of supercritical droplets and jets. The research was motivated by the recognition that pressures in modern liquid rocket engine combustion chambers tend to be higher than the critical pressure of one or more of the propellants. Prior to the beginning of this research, combustion processes were largely modeled using low pressure, subcritical spray combustion concepts. At supercritical pressures, however, a distinct difference between gaseous and liquid phases no longer exists, surface tension and the enthalpy of vaporization vanish, and gas phase density can approach that of the liquid with correspondingly significantly enhanced aerodynamic forces relative to the liquid. These and other effects are discussed in detail in the references contained in the report. Under such conditions, questions such as whether droplets can even exist or what spray combustion would look like lacked even qualitative answers at the beginning. As a result of the research conducted under this program, most of the qualitative questions have now been answered, and significant progress has been made in determining quantitative mechanisms.
- Fluid Mechanics
- Liquid Propellant Rocket Engines