Vaporous Decontamination Methods: Potential Uses and Research Priorities for Chemical and Biological Contamination Control
DEFENCE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY ORGANISATION VICTORIA (AUSTRALIA) HUMAN PROTECTION AND PERFORMANCE DIV
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Vaporous decontamination methods were used in the remediation of anthrax contaminated buildings following the 2001 attacks in the U.S.A. Since then the development of vaporous decontamination methods has received considerable interest with significant advancements in the area of CB decontamination of buildings and sensitive equipment. This document reviews the current state of vaporous decontamination methods, with reference to potential uses in CB contamination control. Common decontaminants considered are formaldehyde, chlorine dioxide and hydrogen peroxide. The benefit of vaporous hydrogen peroxide is discussed in detail, and areas of research in which DSTO can contribute significantly to an international collaborative research program into the VHP decontamination process are outlined.
- Physical Chemistry
- Chemical, Biological and Radiological Warfare