Accession Number:

ADA458048

Title:

Drinking Water. Experts' Views on How Federal Funding Can Best Be Spent to Improve Security

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE WASHINGTON DC

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

2004-09-30

Pagination or Media Count:

23.0

Abstract:

GAOs expert panel cited distribution systems as among the most vulnerable physical components of a drinking water utility, a conclusion also reached by key research organizations. Also cited were the computer systems that manage critical utility functions treatment chemicals stored on-site and source water supplies. Experts further identified two key factors that constitute overarching vulnerabilities 1 a lack of the information individual utilities need to identify their most serious threats and 2 a lack of redundancy in vital system components, which increases the likelihood an attack could render an entire utility inoperable. According to over 90 percent of the experts, utilities serving high-density areas deserve at least a high priority for federal funding. Also warranting priority are utilities serving critical assets, such as military bases, national icons, and key academic institutions. Direct federal grants were clearly the most preferred funding mechanism, with over half the experts indicating that such grants would be very effective in distributing funds to recipients. Substantially fewer recommended using the Drinking Water State Revolving Fund for security upgrades.

Subject Categories:

  • Economics and Cost Analysis
  • Noise Pollution and Control

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE