Accession Number:

ADA456881

Title:

Border Security: Immigration Issues in the 108th Congress

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

2004-05-18

Pagination or Media Count:

17.0

Abstract:

Enhancing border security has emerged as a significant policy issue after the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks. Prior to the terrorist attacks, the priorities for border security policy were beginning to shift from immigration-related issues to issues related to facilitating legitimate cross-border commerce. Several bills have been introduced in the 108th Congress S. 539H.R. 1096 and S. 6 that would authorize funding for increased personnel and technological improvements. S. 539H.R. 1096 would require ongoing training for immigration personnel on how to use the new technology, an update of a port infrastructure assessment study, and demonstration projects on new technology at ports of entry, among other things. Another piece of legislation H.R. 853 would establish a northern border coordinator within the Directorate of Border and Transportation Security in the Department of Homeland Security DHS, among other things. The northern border coordinator would serve as a liaison to the Canadian government on border security-related issues. Although the 107th Congress enacted several pieces of legislation that dealt with enhancing immigration-related border security, legislation to strengthen the nations borders had been enacted as early as the 104th Congress. The Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 IIRIRA P.L. 104-208 contained several immigration-related border security provisions that addressed illegal immigration and the smuggling of humans into the United States through the southwest border. IIRIRA also contained a provision that required the electronic tracking of every alien arriving in and departing from the United States. The deadline for implementing the electronic tracking system, commonly referred to as the entry and exit data system, was moved back in subsequent legislation.

Subject Categories:

  • Sociology and Law
  • Civil Defense

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE