In Absentia War Crimes Trials: A Just Means to Enforce International Human Rights?
JUDGE ADVOCATE GENERAL'S SCHOOL CHARLOTTESVILE VA
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The United Nations has created an International Tribunal to adjudicate cases of alleged war crimes arising out of the dissolution of the Former Yugoslavia. Under its authorizing statute and rules of procedure, the International Tribunal cannot try suspected war criminals in absentia. This thesis argues that a modified civil-law style default trial procedure, in which the absent accused is represented by appointed counsel at a complete hearing, but still has the right to a new trial de novo, would be more effective in compelling absent accused to come before the International Tribunal than its hybrid trial process. The thesis describes In Absentia International Tribunals held in France, Belgium, Bulgaria, and Turkey after World War I held in Nuremberg Germany, France, Poland, the Soviet Union, and Yugoslavia after World War II and held in Angola, Bangladesh, Kuwait, and Croatia during the Cold War era and beyond.
- Government and Political Science
- Sociology and Law