The Cost of Iraq, Afghanistan, and Other Global War on Terror Operations Since 9/11
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
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Through FY2006, Congress has appropriated a total of about 437 billion for military operations, base security, reconstruction, foreign aid, embassy costs, and veterans health care for the three operations initiated since the 911 attacks Operation Enduring Freedom OEF covering Afghanistan and other Global War on Terror GWOT operations, Operation Noble Eagle ONE providing enhanced security at military bases, and Operation Iraqi Freedom OIF, Iraq. In the last week of September 2006, the House and Senate are slated to consider the conference versions of the FY2007 defense appropriations bill, H.R. 5631, and the national defense authorization bill H.R. 6122S.2766, both of which include an additional 70 billion for war costs. This 70 billion bridge fund is to cover war costs in the first half of the fiscal year plus 23 billion for reset -- to repair and replace war-worn equipment. The Administration is expected to submit a FY2007 supplemental for additional war costs some time next year. If the FY2007 defense appropriation bill passes, total war appropriations for all three operations would reach about 507 billion. Another 2 billion is included in other appropriations bills for foreign and diplomatic operations in Iraq and Afghanistan and VA medical costs. In its July 2006 mid-session update, the Office of Management and Budget OMB estimates that war funding in FY2007 will total 110 billion, including bridge funding. Based on this OMB projection, cumulative war funding for all of FY2007 would reach about 549 billion. OMB also assumes a 50 billion bridge fund for FY2008. DoD has not provided Congress with the individual costs of each operation. Based on previous spending and a rough allocation of the FY2007 bridge fund, CRS estimates that Iraq will receive about 379 billion 75, OEF about 97 billion 20, and enhanced base security about 26 billion 5, with about 4 billion 1 that CRS cannot allocate.
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- Unconventional Warfare