Accession Number:

ADA456446

Title:

Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) in Iraq and Afghanistan: Effects and Countermeasures

Descriptive Note:

Congressional rept.

Corporate Author:

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

2006-09-25

Pagination or Media Count:

7.0

Abstract:

Since October 2001, Improvised Explosive Devices IEDs, or roadside bombs have been responsible for many of the more than 2,000 combat deaths in Iraq, and 178 combat deaths in Afghanistan. IEDs are hidden behind signs and guardrails, under roadside debris, or inside animal carcasses, and encounters with these bombs are becoming more numerous and deadly in both Iraq and Afghanistan. The threat includes vehicle-borne IEDs, in which extremists drive cars laden with explosives directly into a target. Department of Defense DoD efforts to counter IEDs have proven only marginally effective, and U.S. forces continue to be exposed to the threat at military checkpoints, or whenever on patrol. IEDs are increasingly being used in Afghanistan, and DoD reportedly is concerned that they might eventually be more widely used by other insurgents and terrorists worldwide. This report will be updated as events warrant.

Subject Categories:

  • Logistics, Military Facilities and Supplies
  • Unconventional Warfare
  • Countermeasures
  • Ammunition and Explosives

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE