Time/Utility Function Decomposition in Soft Real-Time Distributed Systems
MITRE CORP BEDFORD MA MITRE C-3 DIV
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We consider RealTime CORBA 2.0 Dynamic Scheduling distributable threads, whose time constraints are specified using timeutility functions TUFs, operating in legacy environments. In legacy environments, system node resources -- both physical processor, disk, IO, etc. and logical locks, etc. -- are shared among time-critical distributable threads and local applications that may or may not be time-critical. Thus, in such environments, distributable threads that are scheduled using their propagated TUFs and scheduling parameters, as mandated by Real-Time CORBA 2.0s Case 2 approach, may suffer performance degradation, if a node scheduler can achieve higher local accrued utility by giving higher eligibility to local threads than to distributable threads. To alleviate this, we consider decomposing TUFs of distributable threads into subTUFs that are used for scheduling segments of distributable threads. We present methods for decomposing TUFs. Furthermore, we identify conditions under which TUF decomposition can alleviate performance degradation. Our experimental results reveal that the most important factors that affect the performance of TUF decomposition include the properties of node scheduling algorithms, TUF shapes, task load, Global Slack Factor, local threads and resource dependencies, and that these factors interact.
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