Accession Number:

ADA456369

Title:

Smart Building. Volume 2: System Description

Descriptive Note:

Technical rept.

Corporate Author:

NORTHROP GRUMMAN CORP ALEXANDRIA VA DEFENSE ENTERPRISE SOLUTIONS

Report Date:

2006-05-01

Pagination or Media Count:

83.0

Abstract:

The Defense Threat Reduction Agency conducted a technology demonstration called Smart Building Program in support of the 2002 Winter Olympics. It showed that a facility could be protected from chemical and biological warfare agents, and radiological particulates using commercial-off-the-shelf hardware. The facility selected was the Social Hall Plaza building in Salt Lake City, Utah. The key elements of the Smart Building system were infrastructure protection and consequence management. The infrastructure protection team developed a comprehensive, automated, modular, transportable CBR protection system and integrated it into Social Hall Plaza. The system provided positive pressure collective protection, chemical, biological and radiological detectors, automated HVAC response, notification procedures, emergency decontamination provisions, and physical security to regulate vehicle and pedestrian traffic. The consequence management team provided the capability to assess the potential or actual impact of a threat event through the use of hazard modeling software tools at a Consequence Assessment Center, using the E-team incident management system. Developing the CAC involved the use of Geo-spatial Information System, population database development and the linking of the Olympic Coordination Center to first responders, and remote sites to the incident management system. Volume 2 provides detailed system descriptions for each functional area of the Smart Building Program. This includes the Threat and Vulnerability Assessment, Filtration System, HVAC System, CBR Detection System, Electrical Distribution System, Emergency Power System, Physical Security, Decontamination Operations and the Control System. This volume also provides a brief overview of the decommissioning effort associated with both the infrastructure protection team and the consequence management team. Lessons learned during the development and operation of the systems are identified.

Subject Categories:

  • Structural Engineering and Building Technology
  • Chemical, Biological and Radiological Warfare
  • Human Factors Engineering and Man Machine Systems

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE