Navy Littoral Combat Ship (LCS): Background and Issues for Congress
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
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The Littoral Combat Ship LCS is part of a proposed family of next-generation Navy surface combatants that also includes the much-larger DDG-1000 formerly DDX destroyer and CGX cruiser. The LCS is a small, fast surface combatant that uses modular plug-and-fight mission payload packages, including unmanned vehicles UVs. The primary intended missions of the LCS are countering enemy mines, submarines, and fast attack craft i.e., swarm boats in heavily contested littoral near-shore waters. Secondary LCS missions include intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance ISR maritime intercept special operations forces SOF support and logistics support for movement of personnel and supplies. The LCS is also increasingly mentioned in connection with the Navys role in the Global War on Terrorism GWOT. The Navys proposed FY2007 budget requests 521 million to procure two LCSs. The House-reported version of the FY2007 defense appropriations bill H.R. 5631 recommends approval of this request. The Senate-reported version recommends funding one LCS in FY2007 and rescinding funding for one of the three LCSs procured in FY2006. For a longer discussion of the LCS program, see CRS Report RL32109, Navy DDG-1000 DDX, CGX, and LCS Ship Acquisition Programs Oversight Issues and Options for Congress, by Ronald ORourke. This report will be updated as events warrant.
- Economics and Cost Analysis
- Government and Political Science
- Marine Engineering
- Logistics, Military Facilities and Supplies