Immigration: Terrorist Grounds for Exclusion and Removal of Aliens
CRS Rept. for Congress
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
Pagination or Media Count:
In the years following the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, considerable concern has been raised because the 19 terrorists were aliens i.e., foreign nationals who apparently entered the United States on temporary visas despite provisions in immigration law that bar the admission of suspected terrorists. The report of the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States also known as the 911 Commission contended that there were opportunities for intelligence and law enforcement to exploit al Qaedas travel vulnerabilities. The 911 Commission maintained that border security was not considered a national security matter prior to September 11, and as a result the consular and immigration officers were not treated as full partners in counterterrorism efforts. The 911 Commissions monograph, 911 and Terrorist Travel, underscored the importance of the border security functions of immigration law and policy. In the 108th Congress, several proposals were introduced in response to the 911 Commissions findings, some of which contained provisions relating to border security, most notably the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 P.L. 108-458, which was enacted on December 17, 2004. In the 109th Congress, the REAL ID Act of 2005 P.L. 109-13, Division B, which was enacted on May 11, 2005, included a number of provisions related to immigration reform and document security that were considered during congressional deliberations on the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act, but which were ultimately not included. The REAL ID Act also included other provisions.
- Sociology and Law
- Civil Defense
- Unconventional Warfare