USAF Food Habits Study: Part II, Food Preferences of Whites and Blacks and Males and Females
ARMY NATICK RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT LABS MA FOOD ENGINEERING LAB
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A study at Travis AFB was undertaken to provide Air Force food service personnel with minority food preferences and weight gain information. White males, white females, black males, and black females were administered a new Food Preference Survey as well as other materials. All demographic groups ranked several common foods among the 10 most preferred, as, for example, orange juice and tossed green salad. Females ranked tossed green salad as the most preferred food while white males ranked grilled steak as the most preferred food and black males, orange juice as the most preferred food. Blacks in general expressed a greater preference for more foods than did whites and more preference differences were attributable to race-ethnic background than to sex group membership. White respondents tended to prefer soups, stews, and puddings more than did blacks, and blacks preferred fruit drinks and juices, meats, cereals, green vegetables, and fresh and canned fruits more than did whites. Males preferred beer, eggs, meats, short order, and pies more than did females, and females preferred appetizers, potatoes, vegetables, salads, and fruits more than did males. White respondents indicated a greater preference for American Italian, and Mexican foods while black respondents indicated a greater preference for soul and southern foods. But while blacks in general indicated much greater preferences for soul and southern foods, only 5 of these foods were high preference foods, such as barbecued spareribs. Seafood was a high preference food for all groups. Black females indicated a greater preference for foods having high fat content than did white females. The current AF menu was never regarded by the majority of respondents as OK as is. Current results tended to replicate previous findings.
- Food, Food Service and Nutrition