Model-Based Feedback Control of Cavity Resonance: An Experimental and Computational Approach
Final rept. 1 Feb 2003-31 Dec 2005
ILLINOIS INST OF TECH CHICAGO DEPT OF MECHANICS MECHANICAL AND AEROSPACE ENGINEERING
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This report presents results of experiments and numerical simulations studying closed-loop feedback control of oscillations in the compressible flow past a rectangular cavity. When weapons bays are exposed to high flow speeds, extremely large pressure fluctuations result, and are often large enough to cause structural damage to the aircraft and internal stores. The goal of this work is to design an implement a model-based feedback controller to suppress oscillations in the flow past a cavity over a range of operating conditions, using much less power than open-loop techniques and to understand the physics well enough to allow the techniques to be reliably transferred to full-scale aircraft. Several specific advances have been made in this work, relevant for cavity flow control as well as for other closed-loop flow control applications. Theoretical models are presented for temporally developing shear layers and cavity oscillations at the flow conditions used in both simulations and experiments. These models can be used to construct dynamic observers, which reconstruct the full flow information from a limited number of sensors, and significantly outperform static estimators such as Linear Stochastic Estimation LSE.
- Military Aircraft Operations
- Electrical and Electronic Equipment
- Fluid Mechanics