Municipal Regulation of Hazardous Materials Due to the Threat of Terrorism and Its Effect on the Rail Industry
AIR FORCE INST OF TECHNOLOGY WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH GRADUATE SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING AND MANAGEMENT
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Hazardous materials transport and regulation is coming under severe scrutiny in response to terrorism concerns following the events of September 11, 2001. This increased scrutiny, combined with a lack of a coherent protection strategy from either the Department of Transportation or the Department of Homeland Security, has led municipalities to begin to regulate the shipment of hazardous materials. In February 2005, Washington DC signed into law the Terrorism Prevention in Hazardous Materials Transportation Emergency Act, effectively banning the transportation of ultra-hazardous materials through the city. Municipal reaction to the actions taken by District of Columbia has been varied and widespread. Using both a meta-analysis and a case study methodology, this project analyzes the impacts of the current terrorist environment in an attempt to determine the potential of additional municipal regulation of hazardous materials transportation via rail. Since the case study methodology did not result in any direct data, the research team applied the meta-analysis technique to answer the research and investigative questions through the literature review. The data gained through this study allowed the research team to discover the following findings there has been limited governmental reaction to terrorism within the rail regulations the effects of HM-223 are undetermined the Washington D.C. case, if upheld, will adversely affect the rail industry and most cities have reactive policies toward HAZMAT rail movement.
- Miscellaneous Materials
- Surface Transportation and Equipment
- Government and Political Science