New Experimental Approaches and Theoretical Modeling Methods for Laser Cooling Atoms and Molecules
Final progress rept. 1 Jul 2005-30 Jun 2006
STATE UNIV OF NEW YORK AT STONY BROOK RESEARCH FOUNDATION
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The first part of this project involved continued development of theoretical models of diatomic molecular electronic level structure for application to the production of ultracold diatomic molecules via photoassociation. Recently, there has been considerable interest in producing molecules at the temperatures achieved for laser-cooled atoms, for applications to coherent chemistry, studies of molecule-atom and molecule-molecule interactions. Bose condensates of molecules and for quantum computing. It is advantageous to produce cold molecules from laser-cooled atoms. but this requires an accurate model of the energy level structure near the dissociation limit for excited atoms, and for other intermediate states. With this in mind. we have modeled experimental photoassociation data from Rb2. spectroscopic data on the lowest excited states of Na2, and hyperfine structure of the lowest triplet state of Cs2. The second part involved continued development of experimental techniques for intense atomic beam collimation using a bichromatic laser field. We solved the equations for evolution of atoms in such a laser field, expressed the results in the form of trajectories on the Bloch sphere for a two-level atoms, and then used these results to design and perform efficient atomic beam reflection experiments. At the same time, we are developing methods to use these highly collimated beams of metastable helium atoms for precision lithography, using sensitized surfaces.
- Radiation and Nuclear Chemistry
- Atomic and Molecular Physics and Spectroscopy