CFD Validation for Hypersonic Flight: Hypersonic Double-Cone Flow Simulations
MINNESOTA UNIV MINNEAPOLIS DEPT OF AEROSPACE ENGINEERING AND MECHANICS
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At the 2001 AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting there was a blind comparison between computational simulations and experimental data for hypersonic double-cone and hollow cylinder-flare flows. This code validation exercise showed that in general there was good agreement between the continuum CFD simulations and experiments. Also, in general, there was good agreement between direct simulation Monte Carlo DSMC calculations and the experiments in regions of attached flow. However, in almost all of the computations, the heat transfer rate on the forebody of the cone was over-predicted by about 20. The purpose of this paper is to report on our analysis of this difference. We perform CFD simulations of the hypersonic nozzle flow to assess the importance of vibrational nonequilibrium on the test conditions. We then recompute the flows using a new set of vibrational nonequilibrium conditions and consider the effects of a slip boundary condition at the model surface. Additionally, we analyze new heat transfer rate data on sharp and blunt 25-degree cones over a wider range of test conditions. This analysis appears to explain the discrepancy between the previous calculations and the experiments.
- Numerical Mathematics
- Fluid Mechanics