Accession Number:

ADA455252

Title:

SI Cortical Contributions to Tactile Motion Perception

Descriptive Note:

Final rept. 1 May 2002-30 Apr 2006

Corporate Author:

NORTH CAROLINA UNIV AT CHAPEL HILL

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

2006-07-21

Pagination or Media Count:

13.0

Abstract:

The specific aim of this project was to test the hypothesis through parallel neurophysiological experiments and neural network modeling simulations that perceptual mislocalization of a moving tactile stimulus arises from a systematic misrepresentation of stimulus location on the skin by primary somatosensory cerebral cortex SI. Experimentally, SI cortical experiments substantiated the original hypothesis by demonstrating that the pattern of neural activity evoked in SI cortex by a moving skin stimulus varies with stimulus velocity in a manner paralleling that of perception. In the modeling studies, a novel model of synaptic input integration by dendrites of cortical pyramidal cells was developed which enables cells to tune to higher-order stimulus features. Studies with the model also supported the original hypothesis. Additionally, this network model was tested for its ability to extract higher order features of sensory input patterns, and it was shown to be very successful at extending current techniques of nonlinear factor analysis. In this progress report, we demonstrate its use in automatic target recognition, or more specifically, in recognizing military vehicles in real-world settings.

Subject Categories:

  • Cybernetics
  • Target Direction, Range and Position Finding
  • Anatomy and Physiology

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE