Two-Dimensional Heat Transfer in Radiating Stainless-Steel-Clad Copper Fins
NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION CLEVELAND OH LEWIS RESEARCH CENTER
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An analysis of the two-dimensional heat transfer in a radiating composite fin is presented together with details of the numerical method of solution. Several stainless-steel-clad copper fins typical of finned-tube space radiators are analyzed over a range 0 to 1 of stainless-steel to copper thickness ratio. Items discussed are temperature profiles along the fin length, temperature drop across fin thickness, effective conductivity, fin efficiency, heat rejection rate per unit weight, and ratio of effective conductivity to effective density. It was found for the particular geometries analyzed that the two-dimensional temperature distribution in the fin cross section is essentially one- dimensional. The use of the thickness-averaged conductivity in one-dimensional calculations yields essentially the same results as the two-dimensional calculations.