The National Shipbuilding Research Program. 1993 Ship Production Symposium. Paper No. 25: Measured Imperfections and Their Effects on Strength of Component Plates of a Prototype Hull Structure
LEHIGH UNIV BETHLEHEM PA
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The U.S. Navy is currently studying the use of double hull designs in high strength low alloy HSLA steels for surface combatant ships. A full scale prototype double hull module was fabricated, from which multicellular box column specimens were cut for compressive tests to failure. Initial imperfections i.e. initial plate deflections and welding residual stresses, affect the stiffness and strength of welded members. This paper describes the measurement of these imperfections and the analysis of their effects on the component plates of the cellular box specimens. Initial deflections were measured in the laboratory where the maximum values did not exceed the Navys guidelines or proposed values of several researchers. Residual stresses in a box specimen were also measured in the laboratory under more controlled conditions. Using the measured imperfections, the plate arrangements were analyzed using the finite element method. The imperfections were found to reduce the stiffness and strength of the plates. The results showed that for accurate prediction of the strength of welded plates, initial imperfections must be taken into account.
- Marine Engineering