Indian and Pakistani Nuclear Weapons
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
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Until 2005, India and Pakistan were the only states outside the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty to declare, openly, their nuclear weapons capability. In 1998, they tested nuclear weapons, and since then they have deployed ballistic missiles, enunciated nuclear doctrine, and made organizational changes to their nuclear establishments. In 2002, they teetered on the brink of war in Kashmir. This paper summarizes Indian and Pakistani nuclear weapon capabilities and thinking. It also discusses the role of Kashmir, some confidence-building measures that are intended to help avert nuclear war, and issues for Congress. The report will be updated as events warrant.
- Government and Political Science
- Guided Missiles
- Nuclear Weapons