Effects of Flow Transients on the Burning Velocity of Laminar Hydrogen/Air Premixed Flames
SANDIA NATIONAL LABS LIVERMORE CA COMBUSTION RESEARCH FACILITY
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The effects of unsteady strain rate on the burning velocity of hydrogenair premixed flames have been studied in an opposed nozzle configuration. The numerical method employs adaptive time integration of a system of differential algebraic equations. Detailed hydrogenair kinetic mechanism and transport properties are considered. The equivalence ratio is varied from lean to rich premixtures in order to change the effective Lewis number. Steady Markstein numbers for small strain rate are computed and compared with experiment. Different definitions of flame burning velocity are examined under steady and unsteady flow conditions. It is found that, as the unsteady frequency increases, large deviations between different flame speeds are noted depending on the location of the flame speed evaluation. Unsteady flame response is investigated in terms of the Markstein transfer function, which depends on the frequency of oscillation. In most cases, the flame speed variation attenuates at higher frequencies, as the unsteady frequency becomes comparable to the inverse of the characteristic flame time. Furthermore, unique resonance-like behavior is observed for a range of rich mixture conditions, consistent with previous studies with linearized theory.
- Numerical Mathematics
- Operations Research
- Fluid Mechanics
- Combustion and Ignition