Accession Number:

ADA453862

Title:

Robust Adaptive Signal Processing Methods for Heterogeneous Radar Clutter Scenarios

Descriptive Note:

Journal article

Corporate Author:

AIR FORCE RESEARCH LAB HANSCOM AFB MA SENSORS DIRECTORATE

Report Date:

2004-01-21

Pagination or Media Count:

14.0

Abstract:

This paper addresses the problem of radar target detection in severely heterogeneous clutter environments. Specifically, we present the performance of the normalized matched filter test in a background of disturbance consisting of clutter having a covariance matrix with known structure and unknown scaling plus background white Gaussian noise. It is shown that when the clutter covariance matrix is low rank, the LRNMF test retains invariance with respect to the unknown scaling as well as the background noise level and has an approximately constant false alarm rate CFAR. Performance of the test depends only upon the number of elements, the number of pulses processed in a coherent processing interval, and the rank of the clutter covariance matrix. Analytical expressions for calculating the false alarm and detection probabilities are presented. Performance of the method is shown to degrade with increasing clutter rank especially for low false alarm rates. An adaptive version of the test LRNAMF is developed and its performance is studied with simulated data from the KASSPER program. Results pertaining to sample support for subspace estimation, CFAR, and detection performance are presented. Target contamination of training data has a deleterious impact on the performance of the test. Therefore, a technique known as self-censoring reiterative fast maximum likelihoodadaptive power residue SCRFMLAPR is developed to treat this problem and its performance is discussed. The SCRFMLAPR method is used to estimate the unknown covariance matrix in the presence of outliers. This covariance matrix estimate can then be used in the LRNAMF or any other eigen-based adaptive processing technique.

Subject Categories:

  • Physical Chemistry
  • Numerical Mathematics
  • Active and Passive Radar Detection and Equipment

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE