Treatment of Decompression Sickness in Swine With Intravenous Perfluorocarbon Emulsion
NAVAL MEDICAL RESEARCH CENTER BETHESDA MD
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We examined an adjunctive treatment for severe decompression sickness DCS to be used when hyperbaric treatment is delayed or unavailable. Hypothesis It has been hypothesized that intravenous perfluorocarbon PFC emulsion combined with 100 inspired O2 would improve the outcome in severe DCS. Methods Swine n 45 were compressed to 4.9 ATA on air for 22 h and brought directly to 1 ATA at 0.9 ATA min 1. The animals were then randomized to three groups. The first group breathed ambient air, the second group breathed 100 O2, and a third group received 6 ml kg 1 of perflubron emulsion Oxygent intravenously and breathed 100 O2. Outcomes of neurological and cardiopulmonary DCS and death were recorded. Results Animals that received PFC emulsion sustained less DCS p 0.01 than the other groups 53 vs. 93. No animals in the PFC group sustained neurological DCS, which was present in 69 of the subjects in the other two groups. Conclusion O2 breathing postdive did not significantly reduce morbidity or mortality in this model. Postdive treatment with PFC emulsion and 100 O2 decreased the incidence of DCS after nonstop decompression from saturation.
- Stress Physiology
- Physical Chemistry