Border Security: Key Agencies and Their Missions
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
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After the massive reorganization of federal agencies precipitated by the creation of the Department of Homeland Security DHS, there are now four main federal agencies charged with securing the United States borders the Bureau of Customs and Border Protection CBP, which patrols the border and conducts immigrations, customs, and agricultural inspections at ports of entry the Bureau of Immigrations and Customs Enforcement ICE, which investigates immigrations and customs violations in the interior of the country the United States Coast Guard, which provides maritime and port security and the Transportation Security Administration TSA, which is responsible for securing the nations land, rail, and air transportation networks. This report is meant to serve as a primer on the key federal agencies charged with border security, as such it will briefly describe each agencys role in securing our nations borders. This report will be updated as needed.
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