Biometric Identifiers and Border Security: 9/11 Commission Recommendations and Related Issues
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
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In its final report, the 911 Commission concluded that funding and completing a biometric entry-exit screening system for travelers to and from the United States is essential to U.S. national security. The commission noted that the United States has built the first phase of a biometric screening system known as US-VISIT, and recommended that the patchwork of other border screening systems be consolidated with US-VISIT to serve as the basis for a single system to streamline border inspections. This report provides an overview of biometric technologies and the major U.S. biometric border screening systems, including US-VISIT, and discusses issues such as cost, performance, and user acceptance. Based in part upon the commissions recommendations, Congress included biometric provisions related to entryexit control in the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 P.L. 108-458. This topic will probably continue to be of interest to the 109th Congress. This report will be updated as needed.
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