Selected Federal Homeland Security Assistance Programs: A Summary
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
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Congress has supported a limited number of assistance programs specifically designed to assist state and local governments with homeland security activities. Some programs assist first responders with preparing for terrorist attacks, particularly those involving weapons of mass destruction. In addition, Congress has authorized several general assistance programs that states and localities may use for terrorism preparedness. The Department of Homeland Security administers most of the assistance programs. In addition, other agencies, including the Departments of Defense, Health and Human Services, Energy, and Justice administer programs that provide various kinds of homeland security assistance. Congress authorizes these assorted programs to provide help in a variety of forms, including grants, training, technical assistance, equipment, and exercises. Most of the programs focus on assisting state and local first responders, such as fire service, emergency medical service, and law enforcement personnel, prepare for potential attacks. Some observers believe that with the threat of bioterrorism, public health officials should also be considered first responders. This report will be updated as congressional or executive actions warrant.
- Government and Political Science
- Civil Defense