Robust Point Matching for Non-Rigid Shapes: A Relaxation Labeling Based Approach
MARYLAND UNIV COLLEGE PARK INST FOR ADVANCED COMPUTER STUDIES
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Shape matching, or image registration, which is often formulated as a point matching problem, is frequently encountered in image analysis, computer vision, and pattern recognition. Although the problem of registering rigid shapes was widely studied, non-rigid shape matching has recently received more and more attention. For non-rigid shapes, most neighboring points cannot move independently under deformation due to physical constraints. Therefore, though the absolute distance between two points may change significantly, the neighborhood of a point is well preserved in general. Based on this observation, we formulate point matching as a graph matching problem. Each point is a node in the graph, and two nodes are connected by an edge if their Euclidean distance is less than a threshold. The optimal match between two graphs is the one that maximizes the number of matched edges. The shape context distance is used to initialize the graph matching, and relaxation labeling after enforcing one-to-one matching is used to refine the matching results. Non-rigid deformation is overcome by bringing one shape closer to the other in each iteration using deformation parameters estimated from the current point correspondence. Experiments on real and synthesized data demonstrate the effectiveness of our approach it outperforms shape context and TPS-RPM algorithms under non-rigid deformation and noise on a public data set.
- Theoretical Mathematics