Flame Spread Along Free Edges of Thermally Thin Samples in Microgravity
NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION CLEVELAND OH GLENN RESEARCH CENTER
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The effects of imposed flow velocity on flame spread along open edges of a thermally thin cellulosic sample in microgravity were studied experimentally and theoretically. In this study, the sample was ignited locally at the middle of the 4 cm wide sample, and subsequent flame spread reached both open edges of the sample along the direction of the flow. The following flame behaviors were observed in the experiments and predicted by the numerical calculation, in order of increased imposed flow velocity 1 ignition but subsequent flame spread was not attained, 2 flame spread upstream opposed mode without any downstream flame, and 3 the upstream flame and two separate downstream flames traveled along the two open edges concurrent mode. Generally, the upstream and downstream edge flame spread rates were faster than the central flame spread rate for an imposed flow velocity of up to 5 cms. This was due to greater oxygen supply from the outer free stream to the edge flames and more efficient heat transfer from the edge flames to the sample surface than the central flames. For the upstream edge flame, flame spread rate was nearly independent of, or decreased gradually with, the imposed flow velocity. The spread rate of the downstream edge, however, increased significantly with the imposed flow velocity.
- Fluid Mechanics
- Combustion and Ignition