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The National Shipbuilding Research Program. 1995 Ship Production Symposium. Paper No. 18: Analysis of Competitiveness in Commercial Shipbuilding

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The paper consists of two elements i.e. - the analysis of the competitiveness of the Dutch shipbuilding industry, and - the structural and organizational changes in the Dutch shipyards since 1983, based on market approach and cost reduction. The objective of a study completed in 1993 was to gain insight into the competitive position of the Dutch shipbuilding industry for seagoing merchant ships. Different indicators were developed and analyzed for the period 1984-1992. Labor cost and exchange rates are the two parameters which enable the assessment of the development of the labor cost, which is calculated in US per cgt. For selected countries the level of productivity and thereby the labor cost per cgt has been adjusted to an estimated degree of subcontracting. The Netherlands shipbuilding industry shows an average share in the AWES production of about 8-9 percent in the period 1984-1992. This indicates that a competitive position has been maintained. Some Asian countries and Poland show a lower level of labor cost per cgt than The Netherlands. The changes in structure and organization of the Dutch shipbuilding industry, which concentrates mainly on niche-markets and special types of vessels, is discussed. The niche-market approach has been leading to product specialization at several yards. The expectations for the shipbuilding market in Western Europe are discussed briefly.

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  • Economics and Cost Analysis
  • Marine Engineering

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