Accession Number:

ADA450530

Title:

Federal Emergency Management and Homeland Security Organization: Historical Developments and Legislative Options

Descriptive Note:

Congressional rept.

Corporate Author:

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

2006-06-01

Pagination or Media Count:

45.0

Abstract:

Hurricane Katrina struck the Gulf coasts of Louisiana, Alabama, and Mississippi on August 29, 2005, resulting in severe and widespread damage to the region. The response of the Federal Government, especially the Federal Emergency Management Agency FEMA, in the aftermath of the storm has been widely criticized. Some of the criticism has focused on the organizational arrangements involving FEMA and its parent, the Department of Homeland Security DHS. One month prior to the hurricane, in July 2005, Secretary of Homeland Security, Michael Chertoff, announced plans for a reorganization of DHS, including FEMA. Known as the Second Stage Review, or 2SR, the reorganization transferred emergency preparedness functions from FEMA to a new Preparedness Directorate, among other changes. The Administration began implementation of the reorganization on October 1, 2005. In response to Administration requests, congressional support for the proposal was provided through approval of the FY2006 appropriations legislation. In the aftermath of the Katrina disaster, administrative structure issues remain a matter of contention. Pending legislation before Congress H.R. 3656, H.R. 3659, H.R. 3816, H.R. 3685, H.R. 4009, H.R. 4493, S. 1615, S. 2302, H.R. 4840, H.R. 5316, and H.R. 5351 would make further changes. The release of reports by the House, Senate, and White House on the response to Hurricane Katrina may lead to further examination of the issues. This report provides background information on the establishment and evolution of federal emergency management organizational arrangements since the end of World War II, and briefly summarizes the legislative proposals.

Subject Categories:

  • Administration and Management
  • Government and Political Science
  • Sociology and Law
  • Civil Defense

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE