Congressional Continuity of Operations (COOP): An Overview of Concepts and Challenges
DEFENSE ACQUISITION UNIV FORT BELVOIR VA DAVID D ACKER LIBRARY AND KNOWLEDGE REPOSITORY
Pagination or Media Count:
Interruptions of congressional operations by incidents such as episodic computer virus infections, the anthrax contamination that took place during autumn 2001, and the ricin incident that took place in February 2004, have demonstrated the importance of congressional continuity of operations COOP planning. COOP planning refers to the internal effort of an organization to assure that the capability exists to continue essential functions in response to a comprehensive array of potential operational interruptions. For Congress, COOP planning is related to a second level of preparedness, continuity of government COG planning. Congressional COG planning focuses on ensuring that Congress is able to carry out its legislative responsibilities under Article I of the Constitution. This report discusses the circumstances surrounding COOP planning, including provisions for alternative meeting sites and methods for conducting House and Senate meetings and floor sessions when Capitol facilities are not available. Although this report does not discuss COG planning beyond its direct relationship to COOP planning, a more comprehensive analysis of COG can be found in CRS Report RS21089, Continuity of Government Current Federal Arrangements and the Future.
- Administration and Management