Continuity of Operations (COOP) in the Executive Branch: Issues in the 109th Congress
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
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Spurred in part by occasional warnings of potential terrorist threats in the post- 911 era, some policymakers have intensified their focus on continuity of operations COOP issues. COOP planning is a segment of federal government contingency planning linked to continuity of government COG. Together, COOP and COG are designed to ensure survival of a constitutional form of government and the continuity of essential federal functions. This report focuses primarily on executive branch COOP activities. Broadly, COOP planning refers to the internal effort of an organization, such as a branch of government, department, or office, to assure that the capability exists to continue essential operations in response to a comprehensive array of potential operational interruptions. In the executive branch, COOP planning is regarded as a good business practice, and part of the fundamental mission of agencies as responsible and reliable public institutions. In the 109th Congress, policy questions and issues might arise as Congress examines the status of COOP planning within the executive branch of the federal government and the implications of that planning for overall agency emergency preparedness. Some of the issues surrounding COOP planning are discussed in this report, including authority to activate and implement COOP plans, defining essential activities to be maintained by a COOP plan budgeting for COOP activities congressional committee jurisdiction and attention to COOP and preparedness matters.
- Administration and Management
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