Intelligence Reform at the Department of Energy: Policy Issues and Organizational Alternatives
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
Pagination or Media Count:
Concerned by reported security and counterintelligence CI lapses at the Department of Energy DOE, Congress in 1999 established a semi-autonomous agency -- the National Nuclear Security Administration NNSA -- to oversee DOEs national security-related programs. Within NNSA, Congress established the Office of Defense Nuclear Counterintelligence to implement NNSAs counterintelligence program. Although DOEs existing Office of Counterintelligence develops CI policy for both agencies, it implements policy only at non-NNSA facilities. Some studies have questioned the effectiveness of a dual-office structure in combating foreign espionage and have urged the adoption of an alternative structure. Several alternative organizational approaches are discussed in this report. One approach, reportedly approved but not yet initiated, would merge DOEs Office of Intelligence, which assesses foreign nuclear weapons programs, and DOEs CI office under the control of a new DOE intelligence agency. As part of an anticipated second phase, NNSAs CI office would be consolidated under the DOEs intelligence agency. Proponents assert that such a consolidation would improve command, control, and communications. Under a second approach, the DOE and NNSA CI programs could be consolidated under the control of the NNSA administrator. Proponents argue that a semi-autonomous agency such as NNSA, by virtue of its independence, is better able to implement CI measures than is DOE. Under a third approach, DOE could integrate its Office of Intelligence and CI office under a new DOE intelligence agency, but allow NNSAs CI office to remain as a separate entity. A fourth approach would be to completely separate the DOE and NNSA counterintelligence programs. A final approach would be to maintain the status quo. Proponents suggest that the current structure is required for counterintelligence to receive focused attention at DOEs weapons labs.
- Administration and Management
- Government and Political Science
- Military Intelligence
- Nuclear Weapons