Half-Space Problem of Weak Evaporation and Condensation of a Binary Mixture of Vapors
KYOTO UNIV (JAPAN) DEPT OF AERONAUTICS AND ASTRONAUTICS
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Half-space problem of weak evaporation and condensation of a binary mixture of vapors is investigated on the basis of the BGK-type Boltzmann model. By a systematic asymptotic analysis, it is shown that the steady evaporation and condensation takes place only if the parameters that characterize the state of the condensed phase and that of the vapors at a far distance satisfy one relation for the condensation case and three relations for the evaporation case. As an application, the resulting relations are used as the boundary conditions of the Euler system in the study of the two-surface problem of a vapor mixture for small Knudsen numbers. This system has two branches of solutions, which causes two different solutions for the same physical situation in the continuum limit. This result is discussed in connection with the ghost effect.
- Physical Chemistry