Stationary Population Inversion in an Expanding Argon Plasma Jet by Helium Puffing
TOKYO INST OF TECH (JAPAN) RESEARCH LAB FOR NUCLEAR REACTORS
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An experiment of He gas-contact for generating population inversion in a recombining Ar plasma jet is carried out. Population inversion between Ar I excited states 5s-4p121 and 5s-4p321,2, 522,3 is created by helium gas-contact cooling of electrons, whereas it is not created without gas-contact. Ar I lines 1.14 m, 1.34 m, and 1.09 m are strongly enhanced due to the He gas cooling. It is experimentally found that helium gas contact effectively lowers electron temperature of the Ar plasma jet. The mechanisms giving rise to population inversion are discussed in terms of atomic collisional processes of the recombining plasma. The experimental results of electron temperature and population densities are discussed by simple numerical analysis which we previously developed. It is shown that the experimental results are well explained by our modeling quantitatively for the case without gas contact, except that the agreement of number densities of lower lying non-LTE levels is qualitative for the case with the gas contact.
- Nuclear Physics and Elementary Particle Physics
- Plasma Physics and Magnetohydrodynamics