Limits to the Extraction of Information from Multi-Hop Skywave Radar Signals
DEFENCE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY ORGANISATION SALISBURY (AUSTRALIA)
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The performance of high-frequency skywave radar systems is customarily referred to in terms of single-hop propagations, a mechanism which provides illumination of the earths surface out to ranges of around 4000 kilometers. In practice, the process of ionospheric reflection often supports multiple hops, though the signals are inevitably subjected to much greater distortion and contamination. In this paper, the author addresses the issue of adequacy of conventional models of multi-hop propagation. He formulates a detailed model that accounts for intermediate surface scattering, and obtains a representation in terms of integrals in chi - kappa space. He proceeds to evaluate the resulting expressions for several cases of interest. The results demonstrate that it is vital to understand the complexities of multi-hop propagation if this method of observation is to be exploited for remote sensing of the ocean at extreme ranges.
- Physical and Dynamic Oceanography
- Active and Passive Radar Detection and Equipment
- Radiofrequency Wave Propagation